Other Names: Alef, Avena, Oat, Avoine, Avena sativa
Botanical Information: It is an annual herbaceous cereal plant from the Wheataceae family, 50-150 cm tall. Their bodies are gnarled. Leaves in the form of thin strips emerge from these nodes. Its flowers bloom in sparse clusters. In the clusters consisting of 2-11 flowers, 1-3 flowers turn into seeds. Oats grown from these seeds are now mostly used as animal feed, and their production is gradually decreasing because their nutritional value is less than other grain products. Oat grains, green stalks and straw are consumed as animal feed. It is consumed as biscuits, pudding and oatmeal.
Places where it is grown: In our country, it is mostly produced in the Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean regions.
Known Composition: The seeds of white oats contain 50% starch (carbohydrate), 13% protein, 7.5% fat and calcium, iron, vitamin B1 and nicotinic acid. The straw of the plant is rich in silicic acid. It also carries calcium and mucin.
It lowers blood sugar.
It relieves physical and spiritual fatigue. It relaxes the body.
It supports and strengthens the nervous system, which weakens under stress.
How to Use: Dry oat grains can be boiled with water or milk and made into porridge, or the grains can be crushed and eaten as oatmeal by adding honey, sugar or fruit.