Other Names: Turmeric, Turmeric, Indian Saffron, Curcuma, Curcuma longa, Turmeric, Curcuma
Botanical Information: It is a tall, rising perennial plant from the Ginger family. Leaf stalks consist of two parts. The first part is the part surrounding the body, the second part is the part separated from the body and is approximately one meter long. Its leaves are oval in shape, 50-80cm long and 20-40cm wide, with wavy edges, consisting of the main vein in the middle and side veins extending parallel from it. And it is dark green in color. The flower stalk is 10-20 cm long and consists of golden yellow or yellow triple petals. The rest is a cone with a fertilization dust cover in the middle and is yellow in color. Its roots consist of main and lateral roots, the main root is tuber-shaped, the lateral roots are finger-thick, Jerusalem artichoke-shaped, brownish on the outside and yellow or reddish-yellow on the inside.
Places where it is grown: Turmeric, whose homeland is Eastern India, is not grown in our country.
Areas of Use: It is used in smoked meats, pickles, zerde and some cakes. It is also used in egg dishes. It is added to soups and can be used wherever saffron is used. After melting some margarine, you can add turmeric to it and pour it over vegetables, pasta and potatoes to create a sauce. Turmeric is also used as a colorant in dyeing silk fabrics and thin leathers and in henna application.
Collection-Storage: The roots of the plant are removed, washed, boiled for 30-45 minutes and then dried in the sun.
Known Composition: The active ingredient of turmeric is curcumin. At the same time, the plant has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects.
-Stimulates the nerves.
-It is anti-inflammatory.
– Strengthens the stomach.
-Shortens the recovery period.
-It is a diuretic and diuretic.
-It is beneficial for the liver.
-It is useful in diseases such as tuberculosis.
-It is useful in colds and asthma.
-It facilitates digestion.
-It removes toxic substances accumulated in the body.
-Externally it is useful for skin disorders.
-It is used in the treatment of respiratory tract infections.
-It is useful against liver diseases, jaundice and tuberculosis.
-In experimental studies, the cholesterol-reducing effect of turmeric has been determined.
-It strengthens the liver and helps remove toxins from the liver.
– Its effect against functional diseases of the gallbladder and bile ducts is among the benefits of turmeric.
– It is antioxidant effective. It has been observed that the antioxidant effect of curcumin is stronger than vitamins E and C.
– Curcumin provides protection against cancer and has properties that prevent the proliferation of tumor cells.
– Studies have shown that it may be beneficial for skin, colon, and breast cancer. In animal experiments, it has been shown that turmeric can provide significant benefits in the treatment of cystic fibrosis.