The quince, scientifically known as Cydoniaoblonga, is a fruit tree with shallow roots. Quince is a delicious and healthy fruit that can grow in cold-resistant, sandy, and well-drained soils. Belonging to the Rosaceaefamily, quince strengthens the immune system, helps with digestive problems like indigestion and bloating, and can alleviate diarrhea. Let’s explore the characteristics and benefits of quince.
Quince is a fruit from a tree that has large, white or pink blossoms and is known for its fuzzy skin. It can grow in various regions, with altitudes of up to approximately one thousand meters. Quince cultivation is prominent in Turkey, but quince is also widely grown in European countries. Following Turkey, China and Iran are among the leading quince producers. While quince is resistant to cold weather, it thrives better in warm and sandy conditions. Quince has numerous varieties, each suited to different climates.
Some of the most common quince varieties include Ayıboğan, lemon, and small-sized quinces. The regions near the Caspian Sea and Iran are considered the homeland of quince. Quince cultivation is not limited to Australia; it is grown and used in various parts of the world.
**What Is Quince?**
Quince has been cultivated for approximately 4,000 years and is now one of the most beloved and consumed fruits. Its historical usage goes back to ancient civilizations. Its benefi cial properties contribute to the development of children’s immune systems. Quince’s versatility led to its use in perfumes and honey production during the Roman civilization. The texture of quince can vary from fi rm to soft, depending on the climate it grows in, with quinces from warmer climates tending to be softer.
**Varieties of Quince:**
Quince has various regional varieties. Ayıboğan, lemon, and small-sized quinces are among the most well-known types. Since quince cultivation is particularly prominent in the Aegean region of Turkey, many quince varieties are known by the names of regions in this area. In Turkey, the three most commonly grown quince varieties are Eşme, lemon, and ekmek ayvası (bread quince). Eşme quince is a variety specifi c to the Marmara region, known for its juicy and tart taste. Ekmek ayvası, which shares many characteristics with other quince varieties, is also widely cultivated. Lemon quince, which has gained popularity in recent years, is named for its tangy fl avor.
**Characteristics of Quince:**
Quince is not only a fruit but also a valuable fruit due to its seeds and leaves. Quince contains essential nutrients such as potassium, iron, copper, and vitamin C, which are benefi cial for the immune system. Besides being consumed directly as fruit, quince is also used in medicine.
**Benefits of Quince:**
Parents looking to promote the healthy development of their children’s immune systems should consider including quince in their diet. Quince is rich in vitamins and minerals and strengthens the immune system in children. Additionally, quince is a safe fruit to consume, known for its ability to alleviate diarrhea. Quince has signifi cant positive eff ects on the digestive system, helping with issues like indigestion and bloating. It is also known for its blood-cleansing properties, skin-improving eff ects, and cholesterol-lowering capabilities. Quince seeds, when soaked in water, form a jelly-like substance. This quince seed jelly can be benefi cial for various health issues, from coughs to skin problems. Therefore, quince, which is available for most of the year, should be enjoyed in various forms, including fruit, seeds, jam, marmalade, and desserts.