Other Names : Urtica membranacca, Ortie, Urtica urenus, Urtica diocia
Botanical Information: It is an annual monoecious herbaceous plant that blooms between May and August, is 20-100 cm tall, and is found in ruins, along roadsides and at the base of walls. Their trunks are erect, quadrangular, simple or branched from the base. It has burning feathers on it. The leaves are stalked, oval-shaped, with toothed edges, dark green and shiny on the upper side, and covered with stinging hairs. Male and female flowers, together, form small clusters with long stems in the axils of the leaves. The flower cover has 4 parts. The fruits are brown in color and hazelnut-like. The seed has a nutritious tissue containing oil.
Places where it grows in Turkey: It grows in almost all of Anatolia.
Known Composition: The stinging hairs of the nettle plant, which cover the entire surface and burn human skin when not present, contain formic acid and histamine, chlorophyll, acetylcholine, iron and vitamin C in the whole plant.
Collection: It can be collected from the beginning of spring until the end of autumn. It is dried by spreading it thinly in dry, shaded and airy places. The roots are removed in autumn, cleaned thoroughly and then dried. Its seeds are collected in the July-August period. It can be stored in dry and moisture-free places.
Nettle is a miraculous plant that cures almost every disease.
It is useful for severe headaches caused by various disorders.
Since it is a blood purifier, it is good for eczema and some fungal diseases.
It is good for acne.
In addition to its blood purifying properties, it also has blood-forming properties. Therefore, it is useful in cases of jaundice, anemia and severe blood diseases.
It has a good stimulating effect on the pancreas.
It helps lower blood sugar.
It corrects urinary tract diseases, infections and urinary retention. It is also good for kidney stones.
Its tea is good for constipation for a 3-4 week cure.
It also gives vitality and energy.
It is used as a protectant against flu and colds.
It is good for stomach and gallbladder disorders.
Nettle baths are good for patients with sciatica and rheumatism.
When your hair is washed with tea, it revitalizes and shines. It prevents dandruff.
Nettle root bath is beneficial for foot veins and coronary artery narrowing.
It has been determined that hibiscus has a 3% success rate in lung cancer.
The poultice is good for clay bumps on the coccyx.
It helps in its treatment by suppressing enzymes that contribute to prostate growth.
It soothes watery eyes and relieves the symptoms of hay fever.
Since its seeds strengthen the immune system, it is good for the elderly.
It has a blood pressure lowering effect.
Gargle cleans the breath.
It is useful in skin cleansing.
Usage and Dosage:
Tea: Boil 1 teaspoon of herb or root in 150 ml of water for 5 minutes and strain. Drink 2 – 3 cups a day.
Plant Sap: Obtained by pressing the fresh plant. Since it ferments and spoils very quickly, it can only be stored in cool, closed places for a very short time. It needs to be prepared fresh. It can be taken 5 ml (1 teaspoon) 3 times a day, 15 ml in total.
Bath: 1 kg. The plant root is cleaned, boiled with 1 – 2 liters of boiling water, infused for 15 minutes, and filtered.
Tincture: Finely chopped plant is placed in a jar and filled with 40% alcohol until it is covered. It is left for 3 weeks and filtered. 2.5 – 5 ml can be taken 3 times a day, 7.5 – 15 ml in total.
WARNING: Severe heart patients, diabetics and kidney patients should not use it. It may cause nausea in those with stomach sensitivity.
It may cause difficulty in urination.
It hurts and irritates the skin when applied due to the formic acid and histamine it contains. In rare cases, tea may cause skin irritation.